Normansfield Hospital was founded by John Langdon Down in 1868 as a home for people with learning disabilities and a place where they could be educated. ‘Downs Syndrome’ is named after him.
The site includes a Victorian theatre with its original fittings, which Down commissioned so that his patients could learn music and drama. His work was remarkable at a time when many people with Downs syndrome were sent to asylums.
Today the site is the headquarters of the Downs Syndrome Association, and also houses the Langdon Down Museum. the theatre has recently been refurbished and continues to host theatrical productions.